What Credit Score Do You Need To Buy A House? (2024)

Your credit score is just one element that goes into a lender’s approval of your mortgage. Here are some other personal factors that lenders consider when qualifying you for a mortgage.

1. Debt-To-Income Ratio (DTI)

Your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is the percentage of your gross monthly income that goes toward paying off debt. Having less debt in relation to your income makes you less risky to lenders, which means you’re able to safely borrow more on your mortgage.

To find your DTI, divide the amount of recurring debt (including credit cards, student loans and car payments) you have by your monthly income. Here’s an example:

If your debt is $1,000 per month and your monthly income is $3,000, your DTI is $1,000 / $3,000 = 0.33, or 33%.

It’s advantageous to have a DTI of 50% or lower. The lower your DTI, the better chance you have at being offered a lower interest rate.

2. Loan-To-Value Ratio (LTV)

The loan-to-value ratio (LTV) is another factor used to determine how you qualify for a home loan. Your LTV is the loan amount divided by the home’s purchase price.

Here’s an example. Let’s say you buy a home for $150,000, put $30,000 down and take out a mortgage loan for $120,000. Your LTV would be 80%. As you pay off more of your loan, your LTV decreases. A higher LTV is riskier for your lender because it means your loan covers a majority of the home’s cost.

LTV decreases when your down payment increases. Considering the example above, if you take out a $110,000 loan and put $40,000 down ($10,000 more than before), your LTV is now 0.73, or 73%.

Different lenders accept different LTV ranges, but it’s best if your ratio is 80% or lower. If your LTV is greater than 80%, you may be required to pay a form of mortgage insurance. Keep in mind that this varies by loan type. Some loans, like VA loans, may allow you to finance the full purchase price of the house without having to pay mortgage insurance.

3. Income And Assets

Your lender wants to be sure that you maintain a steady income and consistent employment. Lenders often ask borrowers for documents that validate their income, assets and work history. These documents may include recent bank statements, pay stubs and W-2s. The steadiness of your income could affect the interest rate you’re offered.

What Credit Score Do You Need To Buy A House? (2024)

FAQs

What Credit Score Do You Need To Buy A House? ›

The minimum credit score needed for most mortgages is typically around 620. However, government-backed mortgages like Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans typically have lower credit requirements than conventional fixed-rate loans and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs).

What is a decent credit score to buy a house? ›

What credit score do you need to get a mortgage? Mortgage lenders typically want to see a score of 620 or better before approving a conventional mortgage. There are government-insured mortgages if your score is lower, and if your score is 760 or higher you'll qualify for the best interest rates.

Can you buy a house with a 600 credit score? ›

Some home loan options are specifically designed for borrowers with less-than-perfect credit — so technically, yes, 600 can be a good enough credit score to buy a house. However, you may face a few hurdles on the way to homeownership, including higher interest rates and additional costs.

What credit score is needed to buy a $250,000 house? ›

Conventional loan | Credit score: 620

To qualify for a conventional loan, you'll need a credit score of at least 620, though some lenders may choose to approve conventional mortgage applications only for borrowers with credit scores of 680 and up.

How much loan can I get with a 650 credit score? ›

You can borrow as much as $40,000 - $100,000+ with a 650 credit score. The exact amount of money you will get depends on other factors besides your credit score, such as your income, your employment status, the type of loan you get, and even the lender.

How much house can I afford with $10,000 down? ›

If you have a conventional loan, $800 in monthly debt obligations and a $10,000 down payment, you can afford a home that's around $250,000 in today's interest rate environment.

How much can I borrow with a 580 credit score? ›

You can borrow anywhere from a few thousand dollars to $100,000+ with a 580 credit score. The exact amount of money you will get depends on other factors besides your credit score, such as your income, your employment status, the type of loan you get, and even the lender.

Is it true that after 7 years your credit is clear? ›

Highlights: Most negative information generally stays on credit reports for 7 years. Bankruptcy stays on your Equifax credit report for 7 to 10 years, depending on the bankruptcy type. Closed accounts paid as agreed stay on your Equifax credit report for up to 10 years.

How long does it take to improve your credit score by 100 points? ›

In fact, some consumers may even see their credit scores rise as much as 100 points in 30 days. Steps you can take to raise your credit score quickly include: Lower your credit utilization rate. Ask for late payment forgiveness.

How much of a home loan can I get with a 720 credit score? ›

You can borrow $50,000 - $100,000+ with a 720 credit score. The exact amount of money you will get depends on other factors besides your credit score, such as your income, your employment status, the type of loan you get, and even the lender.

Can I buy a house if I make 45000 a year? ›

On a salary of $45,000 per year, you can afford a house priced at around $120,000 with a monthly payment of $1,050 for a conventional home loan — that is, if you have no debt and can make a down payment. This number assumes a 6% interest rate.

What salary do you need for $250000 mortgage? ›

The 2.5 times your income rule

Based on this rule, you would need to earn $100,000 per year to comfortably purchase a $250,000 home.

Can I buy a house making 25K a year? ›

Yes, you can buy a house if you make 25K a year. But purchasing a home on any income takes planning. You first need to understand how banks assess whether or not they'll give you a mortgage loan, what down payment assistance is available, and other factors that influence your ability to buy a house.

Can I get a Tesla with a 650 credit score? ›

Tesla doesn't list a minimum credit score to be approved for financing, however, typically your shot of being approved will increase if your score is in the 600s or better. It could be possible with a 500 score still, though not as likely.

How can I raise my credit score from 650 to 700? ›

6 easy tips to help raise your credit score
  1. Make your payments on time. ...
  2. Set up autopay or calendar reminders. ...
  3. Don't open too many accounts at once. ...
  4. Get credit for paying monthly utility and cell phone bills on time. ...
  5. Request a credit report and dispute any credit report errors. ...
  6. Pay attention to your credit utilization rate.

How big of a loan can I get with a 700 credit score? ›

You can borrow from $1,000 to $100,000 or more with a 700 credit score. The exact amount of money you will get depends on other factors besides your credit score, such as your income, your employment status, the type of loan you get, and even the lender.

What credit score is needed to buy a $400,000 house? ›

Most mortgages, including conventional loans, require a credit score of 620 or higher. It's possible to get an FHA loan with a credit score as low as 500, but many lenders require higher scores.

What credit score is needed to buy a $300,000 house? ›

The required credit score to buy a $300K house typically ranges from 580 to 720 or higher, depending on the type of loan. For an FHA loan, the minimum credit score is usually around 580.

Is a 750 credit score good for a house? ›

A 750 credit score generally falls into the "very good" range, which shows lenders that you're a very dependable borrower. People with credit scores within this range tend to qualify for loans and secure the best mortgage rates.

Can I buy a house with a 700 credit score? ›

Yes. Assuming the rest of your finances are solid, a credit score of 700 should qualify you for all major loan programs: conventional, FHA, VA and USDA loans all have lower minimum requirements, and even jumbo loans require a 700 score at minimum.

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